Mihály Zakar(1), Ildikó Kovács(2), Péter Muhi(3), Erika Hanczné Lakatos(4), Gábor Keszthelyi-Szabó(5), Zsuzsanna László(6*)

(1)  Institute of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Szeged, Moszkvai krt. 9, Szeged, 6724, HUNGARY; Institute of Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University, Lucsony u. 15-17, Mosonmagyaróvár, 9200, HUNGARY
(2)  Institute of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Szeged, Moszkvai krt. 9, Szeged, 6724, HUNGARY
(3)  Institute of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Szeged, Moszkvai krt. 9, Szeged, 6724, HUNGARY
(4)  Institute of Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University, Lucsony u. 15-17, Mosonmagyaróvár, 9200, HUNGARY
(5)  Institute of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Szeged, Moszkvai krt. 9, Szeged, 6724, HUNGARY
(6)  Institute of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Szeged, Moszkvai krt. 9, Szeged, 6724, HUNGARY
(*) Corresponding Author

The Effect of Advanced Oxidation Pre-Treatment on the Membrane Filtration Parameters of Dairy Wastewater


Abstract



The dairy industry generates wastewater characterised by high levels of biological and chemical oxygen demands representative of their high degree of organic content; mainly carbohydrates, proteins and fats that originate from milk. Several investigations have been conducted into the reuse of dairy wastewater, e.g. membrane processes are a promising method to treat such wastewater. Earlier works have proven that with membrane filtration an appropriate degree of retention can be achieved and the permeate can be reused. However, membrane fouling is a limiting factor in these processes. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are widely used in the fields of water and wastewater treatments and are known for their capability to mineralise a wide range of organic compounds. AOPs also exhibit some other effects on the filtration process, e.g. the microflocculation effect of ozone may play a significant role in increasing the elimination efficiency and causing a decreased level of irreversible fouling. By comparing ozone and Fenton pre-treatment (FPT) processes it can be shown that the fouling propensity of pre-treated pollutants does not depend on the pre-treatment method, while FPT was proven to be more efficient in improving the level of flux.

Keywords


ultrafiltration; ozone pre-treatment; Fenton-reaction; fouling resistances; dairy wastewater

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